Ergogenic Aids In Sport Definition Essay

Essay on Branched Chain Amino Acids On Sports Performance

1209 Words5 Pages

With sportsmen seeking alternatives to illegal and unsafe performance enhancing drugs, “ergogenic aids” have come to their rescue. Ergogenic aids are supplements that enhance the performance of athletes by improving their speed, strength and agility. A number of natural products are marketed as ergogenic aids, which have found a ready market among sportspersons. Their biggest advantage is that they are legal, apart from being safe and effective. Examples of such aids include branched chain amino acids, creatine, medium chain triglycerides, pyruvates and vitamins.
I. What are Branched chain amino acids?
Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) are amino…show more content…

Oxidation of these amino acids occurs in skeletal muscles. Though BCAAs are not used as a source of energy in the body under normal conditions, they do contribute to energy generation during heavy and strenuous exercise. The subsequent breakdown of these amino acids for energy generation during heavy exercise leads to muscle damage and tear. Therefore, restoring them with the help of protein supplements is extremely necessary to make up for the loss of proteins.
IV. Effect on athletic performance Innumerable studies have investigated the effects of BCAAs on the performance of athletes. Studies and clinical trials have investigated their potential role in decreasing fatigue, improving physical performance, increasing strength and affecting cognitive abilities. A few of the most significant studies are discussed here. While BCAAs have been found to be of help in enhancing sports performance, there is lack of sufficient evidence from clinical trials. Therefore, while the intake of BCAAs has been proved to be of help in some cases, their overall benefit in enhancement of sports performance is still debated and needs strong evidence.
Reduction of fatigue
BCAAs are reported to reduce central fatigue

Show More

Ergogenic Aids In Sports Essay

Ergogenic Aids in Sports

A large problem in sports today is the use of ergogenic aids. An ergogenic aid is any substance or device that increases or enhances energy use, production, or recovery giving the athlete an advantage in competition. Not all ergogenic aids are illegal; many such as dietary supplements, vitamin supplements, or protein supplements are widely used and accepted, however, many are illegal and are banned by many athletic committees(Ahrendt,1). I will be discussing these illegal aids and the affect they have on the athlete and the athletic community. Some of the more commonly used illegal aids include blood doping, caffeine, corticosteroids, diuretics, and human growth hormones (HGH).
Blood doping is taking blood out of oneself or from someone else and injecting it back into the blood stream (blood,1). This is done by taking out the blood and freezing it for 5-6 weeks (this is so the body can rebuild its supply of RBC (red blood cells) and hemoglobin). Then one to seven days before the event injecting it back in to the body (Goldman,47). This theoretically increases the VO2 max by in the amount of RBC and hemoglobin in the blood. The VO2 is the maximum amount of oxygen the blood can hold (blood,2).
Athletes that use blood doping include long-distance runners, cyclist, and any other athletes needing long endurance. The increase in VO 2 max seems to be the only advantage of blood doping. This gives the athlete an unfair advantage by allowing them to have an increased endurance (Shipe,76).
There are no real medical uses for blood doping, but it can be considered a form of blood transfusion in which case it has a medical use. Transfusions are used to help people who have anemia, defect in blood cells. Anemia comes in many forms including sickle cell or hypo ferric (low iron). This is done by taking donor blood and injecting it into the body of the patient, giving the person enough normal blood to live longer then they would with out it (Feinstein,1).
The effectiveness of blood doping is unsure, researches don’t know if it truly works. Some reports state that the added RBC and hemoglobin increase the viscosity of the blood, which in turn actually decreases the VO2 max(Goldman,50). The increase in viscosity can lead to an overload of work in the liver and kidney, which could lead to future problems in the liver and kidney (Shipe,77). Another precaution is if the blood that is injected does not come from the person it is being injected into there is a possibility of getting a disease such as AIDS. Blood doping is nearly impossible to discover in tests because the athlete is usually injecting their own blood into their system. The increased hemoglobin and RBC in the body can be accredited to high altitude workouts (working at high altitudes for extended amounts of time can increase hemoglobin and RBC’s). Even though it is near impossible to test for the Olympic Committee still bans its use in hope to find a test.
...

Loading: Checking Spelling

0%

Read more

The Use of Erythropoietin by Athletes

1119 words - 4 pages The Use of Erythropoietin by Athletes Erythropoietin is a glycoprotein that is produced primarily in the kidneys in adults and, to a lesser extent, in the liver. It behaves like a hormone, regulating the level of erythropoiesis, and keeping the RBC count within a narrow range It is used widely in medicine as a treatment for a number of serious illnesses, ranging from types of anaemia, to the treatment of certain types of cancer, and also in...

Wrestling and Creatine Monohydrate Essay

2752 words - 11 pages Wrestling Practices and Creatine Monohydrate: A Deadly Combination? Introduction On December 9th, 1997 Michigan University wrestler, Jeff Reese, attempted to cut 12 lbs in one day. His goal was to wrestle at the 150 lb weight class for the Wolverines in the team's match against Michigan State. Reese died trying to reach his goal. Cutting weight is a common practice in the sport of wrestling. In fact, wrestlers have been shedding...

Anabolic Steroids

941 words - 4 pages Since ancient history, many athletes have resorted to performance enhancing aids to give them an edge on their opponents. Greek Olympians used strychnine and hallucinogenic mushrooms to psych up for an event. 'In 1886 a French cyclist was the first athlete to die from using a performance enhancer, called speedballs, a mixture of cocaine and heroin. In the 1920's, physicians inserted slices of monkey testicles into male athletes to help boost...

Safe v.s unsafe sex

965 words - 4 pages The 'sexual revolution' of the 1960's has been stopped dead in its tracks by the AIDS epidemic. The danger of contracting AIDS is so real now that it has massively affected the behavior of both gay and straight folks who formerly had elected to lead an active sexual life that included numerous new sexual contacts. The safest option regarding...

How are some groups marginalised within society? What effect might this have on a person's leisure choices?

506 words - 2 pages People are marginalised in society by feeling devalued and labelled. Minority groups such as the unemployed, psychiatric patients, people with disabilities both intellectual and physical, prisoners, ethnic groups, and the gay and lesbian community are often discriminated against (Fullagar, 2002One of the most vulnerable and marginalised groups in society are people with an intellectual disability they often face feelings of fear, guilt,...

Steroids in Professional Sports

1247 words - 5 pages Steroids in Professional Sports Sports is one of the most popular forms of entertainment we have today. Whether it’s football, basketball, soccer, baseball, etc., fans are willing to pay ridiculous amounts of money in order to watch sports. There are few issues in the world of sports. But there is one issue that stands out, steroids. Although steroids may increase strength, stamina and athleticism, they are incredibly harmful to your body and...

Analysis of Performance Enhancing Drugs

1239 words - 5 pages Every athlete dreams of becoming the best player in their sport. For most athletes, this dream was created in their childhood watching their favorite player perform at great levels to achieve success. Most athletes will stop at anything to achieve success, even if that means breaking the rules. An athlete whether the biggest, fastest, or strongest, will always look for something that will give them and extra edge over everybody else, even if that...

I wish I could turn back the hands of the clock

730 words - 3 pages Had I had the power to go back in time, I would go back to the time where Bill Gates had invented the first computer. I would invent it before him by myself. I would also back in time to the time where Coca-Cola company had just opened. These two companies and many other companies who are successful I would go back in time and open them too. This would

Use of Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports

1981 words - 8 pages The use of performance enhancing drugs in sports (doping) is done to improve athletic performance. Doping in sports has become a highly controversial topic among professional sporting venues and in the media. With the increased pressure to perform, high priced contracts, increased competition, and advanced training methods today’s athletes will try to gain an edge by any means necessary. Performance enhancing drugs used by athletes today include...

Arthur Ashe

583 words - 2 pages Arthur Ashe As we celebrate Black History Month it is important to acknowledge our Black heroes represented in any aspect of society. Whether it is politics and civil rights, entrepreneurs, or sports our people have made their presence known in America. One of the major areas Blacks dominate is sports. Mostly Basketball and football, bringing heroes such as Michael...

For Your Entertainment

2534 words - 10 pages For Your Entertainment The sports of today are significantly more brutal, serious and competitive than they ever have been in the past. Athletes in these sports go to great lengths to be called a champion in their sport and some are willing to cross the line and cheat their way to the top. In competitive sports, rules are laid out to level the playing field keep the sport fair so there can be no chance of a person taking advantage of something...

0 Replies to “Ergogenic Aids In Sport Definition Essay”

Lascia un Commento

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *