Critical Essays On Toni Morrison Nellie Mckay

Publication date 1988

Topics Morrison, Toni, Morrison, Toni, Morrison, Toni, Women and literature, African Americans in literature

PublisherBoston, Mass. : G.K. Hall

Collectionprintdisabled; inlibrary; internetarchivebooks; americana

Digitizing sponsorInternet Archive

ContributorInternet Archive

Includes bibliographies and index

Introduction / Nellie Y. McKay -- Reviews. The bluest eye / Ruby Dee, Hakel Frankel ; Sula / Barbara Smith, Roseann P. Bell ; Song of Solomon / Melvin Dixon, Samuel Allen ; Tar Baby / Robert G. O'Meally, Valerie A. Smith -- Essays and interviews. It's OK to say OK / Sandi Russell ; An interview with Toni Morrison, Hessian Radio Network, Frankfurt, West Germany / Rosemarie K. Lester -- The novels. Roadblocks and relatives: critical revision to Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye / Michael Awkward ; Reconnecting fragments: Afro-American folk tradition in The Bluest Eye / Trudier Harris ; "The self and the other": reading Toni Morrison's Sula and the Black female text / Deborah E. McDowell ; Absence into presence: the thematics of memory and "missing" subjects in Toni Morrison's Sula / Robert Grant ; Genealogical archaeology or the quest for legacy in Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon / Genevieve Fabre ; Song of Solomon: rejecting Rank's monomyth and feminism / Gerry Brenner ; "Life life life life": the community as chorus in Song of Solomon / Kathleen O'Shaughnessy ; The fabulous world of Toni Morrison: Tar Baby / Eleanor W. Traylor ; The briar patch as modernist myth: Morrison, Barthes and Tar Baby as-is / Craig H. Werner ; The convergence of feminism and ethnicity in the fiction of Toni Morrison / Carolyn Denard ; The dramatic voice in Toni Morrison's novels / Margaret B. Wilkerson ; Straining to make out the words of the "lied": the German reception of Toni Morrison / Anne Adams

Full catalog recordMARCXML

For the singer, see Nellie McKay.

Nellie Yvonne McKay (May 12, 1930 – January 22, 2006) was an American academic and author who was the Evjue-Bascom Professor of American and African-American Literature at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, where she also taught in English and women's studies, and is best known as the co-editor (with Henry Louis Gates, Jr.) of the Norton Anthology of African-American Literature.


Born in Queens as Nellie Yvonne Reynolds, her parents were Jamaican immigrants. She was private about her age but was probably born between 1931 and 1947, according to colleagues. She graduated with a B.A. in English from Queens College in 1969, a master's in English and American literature from Harvard in 1971, and a Ph.D. in the same field from Harvard in 1977.

McKay was Assistant Professor of English and American Literature at Simmons College and Visiting Professor of Afro-American Literature at MIT between 1973 and 1978.

McKay joined the faculty of UW–Madison in 1978, receiving tenure in 1984. Her research specialties included 19th- and 20th-Century American and African American Literature, Black Women’s Literature and Multicultural Women’s Writings, all fields that essentially did not exist when she was a student, and whose modern curricula, by many accounts, became heavily indebted to her scholarship. Her colleague at UW–Madison, Craig Werner, said, "When she came here there was not a single university that was paying any attention to black women’s literature. Now, there isn’t a single university that isn’t."[1] A former student recalls that, in 1979, McKay provided the class with photocopied versions of Native Son by Richard Wright and Black Manhattan by James Weldon Johnson, books that were then out of print, from her own rare copies.[2]

According to the Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, in 1991 she was offered the Harvard University post in Afro-American Studies that was later taken by Gates, whom she had recommended in her stead.[3]

By the time she collaborated with Gates on the Norton Anthology of African-American Literature, in 1996, she was already widely known as a pre-eminent scholar in the field of black American literature, and Gates specifically sought her out. The book became a worldwide standard in the field and remains in print in a second edition. It was selected by former Poet Laureate of the United StatesRita Dove in 2000 for the National Millennium Time Capsule created by the White House to be stored by the National Archives until the 22nd century, with Dove calling it "a lucid and eloquent history of one of this country's most significant subcultures".[4][5]

Her edited book Critical Essays on Toni Morrison is "largely credited with establishing the critical acclaim" that led to Morrison's Nobel Prize in Literature.[3] She played a key role in establishing the UW–MadisonLorraine Hansberry Visiting Professorship in the Dramatic Arts.[1] At the time of her death, McKay had been working on a revised edition of the seminal 1982 black feminist anthology All the Women Are White, All the Blacks are Men, But Some of Us Brave: Black Women’s Studies, originally edited by Gloria T. Hull, Patricia Bell-Scott, and Barbara Smith.[6]

She was also advisory editor for the African American Review,[7] president of the Midwest Consortium of Black Studies[7] and a member of the Board of Directors of the Toni Morrison Society.[8]

McKay died January 22, 2006, of colon cancer at a hospice in Fitchburg, Wisconsin. She was believed to be in her 70s.

The University held a national symposium in her honor April 1, 2006, including a short film Remembering Nellie McKay by Pete McPartland Jr., and readings by over 40 fellow academics from across the country.[1]


  • Fellow at the Institute for Research in the Humanities at UW–Madison (1991).
  • Fellow at the W. E. B. Du Bois Institute for African and African American Research[9]
  • The UW–Madison Chancellor’s Distinguished Teaching Award (1992)
  • Multi-Ethnic Literature [Association] of the U.S. (MELUS) Annual Award for Contributions to Multi-Ethnic Literature (1996)
  • The University of Wisconsin System Recognition for Outstanding Contributions to the System, particularly to Women of Color
  • Inducted into the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters (2001)[7]
  • Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, University of Michigan (2002)[10]


McKay wrote more than 60 articles and essays in books and journals on figures such as Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Zora Neale Hurston and Alice Walker, touching on themes of black literature, American Literature, women's writings and on political issues of interest to the academic community.


  • Jean Toomer, Artist: A Study of His Literary Life and Work, 1894-1936 (University of North Carolina, 1984) ISBN 0-8078-4171-4
  • Critical Essays on Toni Morrison (editor with introduction, G.K. Hall, 1988) ISBN 0-8161-8884-X
  • Race-Ing Justice, En-Gendering Power: Essays on Anita Hill, Clarence Thomas, and the Construction of Social Reality (with Toni Morrison and Michael Thelwell, Random House, 1992) ISBN 1-4177-1877-3
  • The Sleeper Wakes: Harlem Renaissance Stories by Women (with Marcy Knopf, Rutgers University Press, 1993) ISBN 0-8135-1945-4
  • Colored Woman in a White World (African-American Women Writers, 1910-1940) (with Mary Church Terrell, Macmillan Publishers, 1996) ISBN 0-7838-1421-6
  • Norton Anthology of African-American Literature (General co-Editor with Henry Louis Gates, Jr.; W.W. Norton, 1996; second edition, 2005) ISBN 0-393-97778-1
  • Approaches to Teaching the Novels of Toni Morrison (ed. with Kathryn Earle, MLA Publications, 1997) ISBN 0-87352-741-0
  • Toni Morrison's Beloved: A Casebook (ed. with William L. Andrews, Oxford University Press, 1999) ISBN 0-19-510796-9
  • Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, a slave narrative by Harriet Jacobs (Norton Critical Edition co-edited with Frances Smith Foster), 2001) ISBN 0-393-97637-8


  • On the Anthology: "Never again will anybody anywhere not be able to know about the existence of the African-American literature tradition. This is a bible, as far as I'm concerned."[11]
  • "There is nothing mystical about African American literature that makes it the sole property of people of African descent."[12]


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