In India nowadays you will see that women are working together with men in every field. This is happening because of the women education. It is important for the developing the India from the developing India to developed India. Women are the strength of the nation. In each and every field you can see the women working in high post. Now, women are not only meant for the caring the house, She crosses her limit and achieves her goals. Education is the one of the basic need for the men as well as the women because of it one should aware of the current situation and handles the problems. Here we are providing an essay on the women education which will benefit the students as well as kids.
In past years of India in the history, men having the higher literacy rate than the women. In the time of British Raj to India’s independence, the percentage of literate women was only 2-6% of the total female population.After the establishment of the Republic of India, government initiate the great importance to women’s education.
Factors that holding women from going school
A few years ago, women were considered for the handling the kitchen and children. If women were educated then there was a misunderstanding that she would extinct the system of the Hindu family. The other reason is ego which is mostly carried by men if women are highly educated than men then the ego of men was hurt. In some areas because of poverty parents don’t allow their kids for education.
Mahatma Jyotiba Phule and his fellow wife Savitribai Phule contributed their efforts for the women education. Jyotiba Phule and Dr Baba Saheb Ambedkar were the leaders of the lower caste who took the initiatives for the women education. These social reformers are fought against the educational system and supported for the equality of the education for women. They fought for the women rights and successful in it.
Advantages if women are educated
The girl as an individual
Education gives the self-confidence, self-esteem for girls and they can discover their own potential and came up with new ideas and innovation and increase their resistance to gender discrimination. She can able to take her decisions indecently. Educated women are independent.
The family gets more benefits if the women are educated. If a woman is educated then entire home is educated. She got knowledge through the education which she can apply for the better childcare means proper vaccination, schooling of a child, etc. The child malnutrition was decreased between 1970 and 1995 because of the female education. Educated women can increase family income and status of the family and able to solve the family problems.
The community and society
The community and society become more prosperous because of the women education play an important role to find the solutions to problems that related to social stability. A result of women’s education is increasing in Survival rates, schooling and community productivity with a decrease in mother and infant mortality rates.
Educated woman can play an important role towards nation by facing economic challenges such as in the areas of agricultural production, food self-sufficiency, the fight against environmental degradation the use and conservation of water and energy.
Examples of Successful Women
India’s first woman who joins officer ranks of the Indian Police Service. She was born on 9th June 1949. She is a retired Indian Police Service officer, social activist, former tennis player and politician. She served her service for the nation 35 years of her life. She is awarded by the many awards such as United Nations Medal in 2004, Ramon Magsaysay award in 1994 and President’s Police Medal in 1979. She also contributed her part in Anti-corruption movement in October 2010 with Arvind Kejriwal.
Kalpana Chawala was Indian astronaut and the First Indian Woman in Space. In 1997 she first flew on Space Shuttle Columbia as a mission specialist and primary robotic arm operator. She died in Space Shuttle Columbia disaster when the craft disintegrated during its re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere in 2003. The Congressional Space Medal of Honor is recipient to her.
Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil
The first lady President of India is Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil who was born on December 19, 1934, in Nadgaon village in Maharashtra. She obtained her Master’s degree in Political Science and Economics from the Mooljee Jetha College, Jalgaon. From the Government Law College, she received the degree of Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) in Mumbai.
Madhuri Dixit is an Indian actress who is famous for her works in Indian cinema. She has praised for her acting and dancing skills, she is also the queen of expressions. She received six Filmfare Awards for the Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress. The Government of India awarded her India’s fourth-highest civilian award Padma Shri in 2008.
Sania Mirza is ranked No. 1 in the women’s doubles rankings. She is an Indian professional tennis player. She is one of the highest-paid and high-profile athletes in the country and successful female Indian tennis player ever.
Lata Mangeshkar is an Indian playback singer who born 28 September 1929. She sang songs in over thirty-six regional Indian languages and for a thousand Hindi films. She is most respected playback singers in India. She awarded by Bharat Ratna award which is the India’s highest civilian honour award.
The education is the ladder of the success and development of our nation. Women education is important for the development of each house as well as for the development of the nation and economy. Girls are like the sunshine for our economy that bright our future. By educating the girls, we are empowering the nation. Education is a weapon which has the capacity to change the world. So Let’s Educate Women and empower the India. Women are the beauty of the nation which not only one who handles the house but also proves herself by educating and achieving success in her life.
Literacy and Education of Women in India!
Education is regarded as a key instrument for the empowerment of women. Education changes their worldview, improves their chances of employment, facilitates their participation in public life, and also influences their fertility. Several studies indicate that educated women have, on an average, fewer children and they take good care of their socialization.
Although considerable progress has been made with regard to literacy and education, the overall picture still remains unfavorable to women. At the beginning of the 20th century, the country as a whole was largely illiterate with just 5.3 per cent of the population counted as literate. Only 0.60 per cent women were then literate. In 1951, the first Census taken four years after independence, the picture was not much better.
The female literacy rate stood at 7.e93 per cent, as compared to 24.95 per cent for men. The 2001 Census suggests a 65.38 per cent literacy rate for India, with 75.85 per cent for males, and 54.16 per cent for females. Literacy is not evenly spread throughout India. There are 12 states and Union territories that are below the national average for female literacy.
The states of Bihar and Jharkhand have the lowest female literacy rates (33.57 and 39.38%, respectively). These data suggest that nearly half of India’s female population is still illiterate. This is not a small number. A massive programme is needed to make nearly 240 million women literate.
It is also to be noted that most of these women are located in rural and tribal areas. Another point to remember is that most of the women included in the literate category have not had education beyond the primary level.
The number of women goes down as we move to higher levels of education. However, women are to be found in all professions, including medicine and engineering. An idea can, however, be had by knowing the percentage of females by number of years of schooling.
The 1991 figures for educational composition of women, in terms of number of years of schooling, are given below:
The 1998 Year Book of the Institute of Applied Manpower Research provides figures regarding the enrolment of girls by stages of education.
These are reproduced in Table 3 which suggests that only 77.15 million girls were enrolled as students in different courses. The male enrolment figure was much higher – 109 million. Of course, over the years, the gap between boys and girls with regard to enrolment is getting smaller and smaller, but there is still need to accelerate the process of universalization of education among women.
Simultaneously, there is also a need to take measures to reduce the dropout rate, which is fairly high, particularly among village girls. The government realizes the importance of education in bringing about basic change in the status of women. Initially, the policy thrust was on welfare, which changed to development in the 1980s, and is now redefined as empowerment. Education is seen as a major contributor to the empowerment process.
In this regard, the following programmes undertaken by the government deserve special mention:
1. Mahila Samakhya:
Started in 1989, this scheme uses education as a tool for empowerment. This scheme is being carried out in 8,000 villages in 53 districts in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh.
2. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan:
This is a campaign to universal primary education, as part of the international programme of Education for All (EFA). It is inspired by UNESCO’s regional programme called APPEAL – Asia Pacific Programme of Education for All.
In addition, there are other programmes of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, which also cover women’s education. These include Operation Blackboard, Non-Formal Education, District Primary Education Programme, National Literacy Mission, Navodaya Vidyalaya, and Vocational Education.
In the state of Rajasthan, which has low rates of literacy among rural and tribal women, an innovative programme called Lok Jumbish was launched with financial assistance from the Swedish International Development Authority (SIDA) in 1992. This programme was, however, closed down in 2004.