Hook Ideas For Compare And Contrast Essay Graphic Organizer

Students like writing compare and contrast essays as they have enough space for creativity. Such papers allow expressing your thoughts regarding some contradictive issues. It makes more fun to draw a parallel between two people or objects instead of describing a single issue.

It does not mean, however, that compare and contrast essay is an easy assignment to complete. There are so many possible compare and contrast essay topics, and some of them are hard to carry out.

Keys to Writing Compare & Contrast Essay

Before you start, it is crucial to choose topics that you really know well. Most often, you should find two things that have enough differences and similarities. You can take two pets, cats and dogs, while comparing a food (i.e., banana) with music (i.e., hard rock) basically, makes no sense.

Of course, if you're a part of Arts class where tutor appreciates uncommon parallelism, you may try your luck in your compare and contrast essay. You may talk about a sense of taste and the book of your favorite author. For instance, you may try to explain how it tastes to be Dracula. Or you can highlight how it smells to be Jean-Baptiste Grenouille from famous novel Perfume: The Story of a Murderer. Such creative comparisons are often appreciated and awarded with more than "A." Original and unexpected compare and contrast essay topics serve as your ticket to special universities where Arts are studied. Along with a personal statement written by professional writers, such essay will increase your chances to get enrolled.

Sources to be Used

In any case, writing about things to compare and contrast is an activity which requires your full attention and creativity. But when you have to compare things objectively, you should operate facts. Just like an argumentative essay, your text will need corresponding evidence. Search for the primary and secondary sources on the given topics before you start your first draft. Make sure these sources are no older than 5 years. They should be as relevant as possible. Don't forget to apply only credible sources to reveal your topics. Those are:

  • Textbooks
  • Books
  • Documentaries
  • Academic journals
  • Scientific magazines
  • Newspapers
  • Official reports

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How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay

The traditional essay tips won't work with compare and contrast paper. We have gathered the best ideas online to share with students. If you write such assignment for the first time in your school or college life, read information from us.

You need to keep in mind the most common writing mistakes school and college students make to avoid them.

Start with the type of your compare and contrast essay topic. The topics are divided into 4 different groups:

  • Events (point to the differences and similarities of some historical events or episodes from the book)
  • Situations (choose to compare two different cases or episodes from your life)
  • People or fiction characters (choose the story)
  • Places (describe different locations)

No matter what comparison and contrast topics you write on, you need to keep to the traditional structure of the academic paper.

Start with a capturing and interesting hook. Outline what your topic is. Point to the main argument of your topic known as a thesis statement. This sentence or two usually come in the last sentence of your first paragraph.

  • Developing your arguments

You need to research your topic to choose three claims. Include evidence with the supporting points next to each argument. There should be up to three supporting points in each body paragraphs.

  • Refuting opponent's arguments

This time, you need to research the topic to view the facts that contradict your thesis. It is important to choose at least one example and develop a paragraph with the counter-argument as well. Write down maximum two opposing views followed by a couple of your refutations.

Restate your thesis statement and stress why your side is right once again.

You can learn more information on the structure of five-paragraph paper online.

Writing Tips Used by Smart American College Students

Moreover, use such helpful words as "because,""for example," "the writer mentioned...," "according to the book/movie," "from the given reading, we know that...," "on the following page, I have found..."

Examples:

"Why do you believe Americans will win the next Olympic games?"

"According to the reading I have found in my college library, their team showed better results than Canadians during the last games."

  1. Check possible examples of compare and contrast essays when working in your hook sentence. It has a great influence on the reader's decision whether to read your text on a specific topic or not. You may add numbers, figures, facts - whatever to make your reader interested. On the whole, there are many types of hooks:
  • Anecdotes and jokes
  • Literary quotes
  • Quotes of famous people
  • Lines from poetry
  • Setting scenes
  • Scientific facts
  • Questions and rhetorical questions
  • Metaphors and similes
  • Thesis statements

We think it is better to write a thesis statement in the last sentence of the argumentative essay’s introduction to conclude.

  1. Brainstorm all the time. The best way to decide on two good compare and contrast topics to analyze is to brainstorm and write down possible versions on a blank paper. Once you choose the subjects, you have to organize your thoughts. Prepare a table where you will mention both similarities and differences between the two subjects.
  2. Get professional help and examples. Find online educational services which help to choose some good sources on the given topic. Those can be movies, books, articles, etc. It is the last pre-writing stage which is known as a literature review. School and college students conduct in-depth research to enrich their compare and contrast essay drafts with important details. If you miss any words to finish your essay, a literature review is a brilliant way to reach the necessary word count.
  3. Don't forget about the formatting and in-text citations. Apply direct and indirect quotes to make your text longer and more persuasive. Citations will serve as the strong evidence to support your compare and contrast topics.

It was just a short preview of every section of your compare and contrast paper in English. Selecting the proper topics might take a while if you don't have a list of sample topics in front of you. We are ready to share the best compare and contrast essay subjects with you right now. You may use any example as the subject for your comparative essay when the theme is not assigned to you.

Compare and Contrast Essay Topics for College Students

We have divided the topics into several categories to make it easier to select one. The list starts with the most relevant subjects college students usually discuss. Other categories are full of great ideas too.

  1. School vs. College: What's New?
  2. Students Who Work and Unemployed Students: Who Takes the Best of This Life?
  3. Research Paper and Essay: What Is More Responsible?
  4. American English vs. British English: Major Differences
  5. What Makes Education and Employment Similar?
  6. SAT and TOEFL: Differences and Similarities
  7. How Are Master Degree and Ph.D. different?
  8. Persuasive and Argumentative Paper: Different or the Same
  9. Traditional Education or Remote Learning?

History and Political Compare and Contrast Essay Topics

  1. Comparison of Lincoln's and Washington' Ideas
  2. Renaissance vs. Baroque Epoch
  3. Anthropology vs. Religious Studies
  4. American Government vs. Soviet Government
  5. US President vs. UK Prime Minister
  6. North and South Before the Civil War in the US
  7. Henry VIII vs. King Louis XIV
  8. Fascism and Nazism: Different or the Same?
  9. World War I and World War II: Difference in Events

Compare and Contrast Topics for Beginners

  1. Compare Apple and Orange
  2. Night Time and Day Time: Advantages Each Period Has
  3. What Makes People Completely Different from Animals
  4. Living in Poverty and Being Rich
  5. Coffee and Tea: The Effects of Both
  6. Living in Big City or Staying in Village
  7. Feeling Sad against Feeling Lonely
  8. Differences and Similarities between American and British Traditional Dishes
  9. Camping in the Woods or Resting by the Sea?

Opposite Things to Compare and Contrast

  1. Females and Males
  2. Coke vs. Pepsi
  3. Red vs. White
  4. Country in War Compared to Country in Peace
  5. Driving a Car or Riding a Bus
  6. Love and Hatred
  7. Bad and Good Aspects of Overwork
  8. Moon and Sun
  9. Dolls or Soft Toys: What Should Parents Buy to Their Children?

Ideas Teenagers May Use in Their Papers

  1. Childhood vs. Adulthood
  2. Living at Home or Living on Campus
  3. Reading or Watching Screened Versions: What Teens Prefer
  4. Working in Office or Being a Freelancer?
  5. Academic Writing vs. Scientific Writing
  6. TV Shows and Radio Shows: What Is More Trendy?
  7. Education or Professional Career: What Is Easier and What Is More Difficult?
  8. Greek and Roman Culture: Differences and Similarities
  9. Comparing Art and Science Classes

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IT & Social Media Compare & Contrast Ideas

  1. E-mail or Traditional Mailing: What Will Happen in the Future?
  2. Online vs. Traditional Commerce
  3. Online Dating vs. Real-Life Relations
  4. Computer Games, Video Games, or Smartphone Games
  5. Choosing between New York Times and Forbes
  6. FaceBook or MySpace: Which Social Network Offers More Opportunities?
  7. Searching for Job Online or Traditionally?
  8. Using Online Writing Services against Traditional Writing Services
  9. Benefits Marketing Specialists Get from Using Online Advertising vs. Traditional One

Movie & Music Compare and Contrast Themes

  1. Buffy, the Vampire Slayer or Charmed?
  2. Books against Movies: Why Reading Is Preferred
  3. Jazz vs. Rock
  4. Sam vs. Frodo Baggins (Lord of the Rings)
  5. Gandalf vs. Dumbledore
  6. American Cinematography vs. Soviet Union Cinematography
  7. Thor and Loki: Friends or Enemies According to Movie of 2009?
  8. Horror Films and Thrillers: What's in Common?
  9. Harry Potter or Draco Malfoy?

Literature Compare & Contrast Ideas

  1. Comedy vs. Drama
  2. Greek vs. Roman Mythology
  3. Beauty and the Beast: Lessons Learned
  4. Prose or Lyrics: What People Prefer More and Why?
  5. Poetry of XIII Century and Nowadays Lyrics
  6. Shakespeare's Othello Compared to Hamlet
  7. Fiction or Non-Fiction Literature: When You May Need Different Types?
  8. Lord of the Rings and Harry Potter: Which Fantasy Book Is Better?
  9. Literature of the Past against Literature of the Future

Scientific Compare & Contrast Ideas

  1. Oven vs. Microwave
  2. Physics vs. Chemistry
  3. Our Galaxy, Milky Way, and Andromeda, the Closest
  4. What Makes Earth Different from Mars
  5. First Mission to Moon and Second Visit: What Are the Differences and Similarities?
  6. Thomas Jefferson or DaVinci: Whose Innovations Matter More?
  7. Earthquakes or Tsunami: Which Consequences Are Worse?
  8. Limited Control Tools or Software with Fool Access to Navigation
  9. Formulas of Two Different Chemical Reactions

Popular Compare & Contrast Ideas

  1. Soccer vs. Football
  2. Chinese vs. Korean
  3. Public Opinion vs. Personal Point of View: Discuss Subjectivity & Objectivity
  4. Juice and Water
  5. Light Beer vs. Dark Beer: Which One Is More Popular?
  6. Anorexia Nervosa and Obesity: What Is More Dangerous?
  7. Marriage and Divorce: Two Sides of the Coin
  8. Windows or Linux: Paid vs. Free OS
  9. Marxism vs. Other Ideas of Capitalism

Philosophy Compare & Contrast Ideas

  1. Is Home Really a Better Place Than Miami Beach?
  2. Life and Death: Various Philosophical Views
  3. Living in Your Dreams or Living in Reality: Pros and Cons
  4. Friends and ... Where Is the Edge?
  5. Physical & Mental Needs of Human Beings
  6. Reality or Fantasy World?
  7. Main Philosophical Ideas of Macbeth against the Main Ideas of Hamlet
  8. Dogs and Humans: They Are More Similar Than We Think
  9. Sources with Free Access and Rights Reserved: Should We Protect Intellectual Property?
  10. Greek Philosophers vs. Roman Philosophers

Compare and contrast essay topics for college students might be tricky to choose. The whole process of academic writing is even longer and more complex. Online help from expert writers will save you a plenty of time. You just need to order a good essay from experts with the highest academic degrees in a variety of fields.

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Writing a Compare and Contrast Essay

Learning Objective:

  • Write a multi-paragraph compare and contrast essay.

LESSON
In this lesson, you will learn how to write a compare and contrast essayA written discussion of both the similarities and differences between people, objects, or ideas. This type of essay shows how things are alike in some ways (compare) as well as how they are different in other ways (contrast)., which is among the most common writing assignments in college classes. This structure is used to show how things are alike (compare) and different (contrast). For example, you might be asked to compare and contrast two characters in a novel. In such an essayA short piece of writing that focuses on at least one main idea. Some essays are also focused on the author's unique point of view, making them personal or autobiographical, while others are focused on a particular literary, scientific, or political subject. , you would do more than just tell what each character is like or does. A good compare and contrast essay goes beyond simple description or summary to draw connections between the characters and really analyzeTo make a thoughtful and detailed study of something. them. It is important to note that compare and contrast essays do not necessarily require you to include both similarities and differences. Sometimes the focus will be on either comparing or contrasting, depending on the subjectsThe people, places, things, or ideas being discussed or described. being compared.

In this lesson, you will learn eight steps to develop a compare and contrast  essay:

  1. Understand your assignment.
  2. Gather ideas.
  3. Create a working thesis.
  4. Develop an outline.
  5. Develop paragraphs that support your thesis.
  6. Write a conclusion.
  7. Write an introduction.
  8. Revise your essay.

Step 1: Understand your assignment.

Read the guideline sheet or rubricA guideline that explicitly lays out the expectations and possible scores for an assignment. . Do you get to choose what to compare, or has your instructor given you a specific topic? You need to look for keywordsWords that are important to understanding the meaning of a passage or reading. like similarities, differences, alike, two, parallels, and disparities to make sure that you need to write a compare and contrast essay. In some cases, your instructor may only ask you to compare or contrast. Make sure you understand what your instructor is asking for before you begin.

Step 2: Gather ideas.

If your instructor assigns you a specific subject to write about, then the next step in the process is to gather ideas. If you must come up with your own subject, there are a few things you should consider before you start to brainstormA prewriting technique where the author lists multiple ideas as he or she thinks of them, not considering one more than another until all ideas are captured. The objective is to create one great idea, or many ideas, on which to base a writing. ideas.

First, make sure that your subject is of appropriate scopeThe extent or aims of a project. for the assignment, not too broad and not too narrow. Comparing President Ronald Reagan to President Jimmy Carter, for example, is too broad for a five-page essay. But comparing their foreign policies may not be, depending on how detailed the comparison is supposed to be.

Once you are sure your subject is of the appropriate scope, be sure to carefully consider whether the two things you are writing about are a good match to the compare and contrast format. Do they have important similarities and/or differences? Will comparing them help to clarify something or lead to new insights about a subject?

If you are unsure about these questions, then gathering ideas will probably help you to decide. There are many good ways to gather ideas for essays. For compare and contrast essays, a Venn diagramOverlapping circles used to diagram the similarities and differences between two or more things. Common characteristics are written in the area of overlap, while unique characteristics are listed in the outer parts of each circle. is a particularly useful tool. The overlapping part of the circles shows similarities; the outer circles show differences or unique qualities. Here is a very simple example of a Venn diagram.

Comparison of the benefits of dogs and cats as pets

You could also make a chart that lists different qualities of each, or simply group information by how they are alike or different.

Remember, it is critical that there are points of overlap, or similarities, as well as differences between your topics. Without both aspects, it will be difficult to write an analysis that will make your essay meaningful.

Step 3: Create a working thesis.

Regardless of the kind of essay you are writing, there are certain qualities of a good thesisAn overall argument, idea, or belief that a writer uses as the basis for a work.: it must be specific, clearly state your main ideaThe most important or central thought of a reading selection. It also includes what the author wants the reader to understand about the topic he or she has chosen to write about., and demonstrate for the reader why the subject is important. For a compare and contrast essay, you will also need to decide whether to write an evaluative or an explanatory thesis.

An evaluative thesisA statement that presents an opinion about the topic. reflects an opinion or judgment about the two things being compared.

Example evaluative thesis:

Although wind turbines and solar panels both create less greenhouse gasses than fossil fuels, solar panels are much more environmentally friendly.

An explanatory thesisA statement that explains something without judgment. compares two subjects without taking a stance.

Example explanatory thesis:

While both wind turbines and solar panels have their own shortcomings, both offer a number advantages over traditional energy sources.

Remember, your thesis will drive the development of your essay. It will help you sort through all the possible points of comparisonThe criteria by which subjects are compared and/or contrasted. to arrive at the most important ones.

Step 4: Develop an outline.

Next, you will develop an outlineA preliminary plan for a piece of a writing, often in the form of a list. It should include a topic, audience, purpose, thesis statement, and main and supporting points. for your essay. The two most common methods for compare and contrast essays are the point-by-pointAn organizational strategy for a comparison or compare and contrast essay. In this method, the writer lists the major points of comparison/contrast between subjects, and discusses them one at a time. A point-by-point comparison is useful for subjects that have many points of comparison because the reader can consider both subjects side-by-side. method and the subject-by-subjectAn organizational strategy for a comparison or compare and contrast essay. In this method, a single subject is discussed in detail, followed by a similar examination of the other subject. A subject-by-subject comparison is best used for less complex arguments that have fewer points, so that the reader can remember the points made about the first subject while learning about the second. method.

In the point-by-point method, the writer outlines the major points of comparison between the two subjects, and then addresses both subjects for each major point. In the subject-by-subject method, the writer first discusses important aspects of one of the subjects, then those same aspects for the other subject. These points must be parallelUsing the same pattern of words to describe ideas in order to create balance in a writing. Parallel structure can be at the word-, phrase-, clause-, sentence-, and even paragraph-level., meaning that all aspects addressed with one subject need to also be addressed with the other subject in the same order. This is also known as the block method.

Point-by-point outline

  1. Introductory Paragraph
    1. Hook
    2. Tone
    3. Background
    4. Thesis
  2. Body Paragraphs
    1. Point of comparison 1
      1. Subject A
      2. Subject B
    2. Point of comparison 2
      1. Subject A
      2. Subject B
    3. Point of comparison 3
      1. Subject A
      2. Subject B
  3. Concluding Paragraph

Subject-by-subject outline

  1. Introductory Paragraph
    1. Hook
    2. Tone
    3. Background
    4. Thesis
  2. Body Paragraphs
    1. Subject A
      1. Point of comparison 1
      2. Point of comparison 2
      3. Point of comparison 3
    2. Subject B
      1. Point of comparison 1
      2. Point of comparison 2
      3. Point of comparison 3
  3. Concluding Paragraph

 

The format to follow is really up to you. Writers often find that the point-by-point essay makes the connections between the points of comparison clearer and easier for the reader to understand. It is better for longer essays with more complicated ideas. Your points of comparison should generally be organized from most to least important (though all of them should be important!) so that you can hook your reader with your most compelling ideas first. A subject-by-subject outline might be better if you are writing an explanatory, rather than an evaluative, essay. It is often used for shorter essays. Whichever you choose, make sure that you are consistent with the format throughout your essay.

Step 5: Develop paragraphs that support your thesis.

The paragraphs in the bodyThe main portion of a writing that contains the main ideas and supporting details of the writing. This is where the author's purpose and thesis statement are supported and/or developed. of your essay must support your thesis as it is stated in the introduction. In addition, they should adhere to the MEAL conceptAn acronym that describes a method of organizing the paragraphs in an essay. Under this plan, each paragraph should have a Main point, Evidence, Analysis, and a Link to the next paragraph.:

Main IdeaThe most important or central thought of a reading selection. It also includes what the author wants the reader to understand about the topic he or she has chosen to write about.: your topic sentence, comprising either one of the subjects (for subject-by-subject comparison) or one of the points of comparison (for a point-by-point comparison)

EvidenceFacts, statistics, or expert testimony that supports a claim.: points of comparison (for subject-by-subject comparison) or the subjects (for a point-by-point comparison)

AnalysisTo analyze is to make a thoughtful and detailed study of something. An analysis is the end result of analyzing.: explaining how the comparison is valid and/or unexpected

LinkTo connect ideas together within a paragraph or to create a transition from one paragraph to the next, as well as back to the thesis.: a transition from the paragraph, as well as back to the thesis

There may be more than one piece of evidence or point of analysis in a paragraph, but every paragraph should have all four of these elements.

Step 6: Write a conclusion.

The conclusion The end portion of a writing that contains a summary or synthesis of the idea in the work. This includes a recap of key points and reminders of the author's purpose and thesis statement.of your essay must synthesizeTo combine ideas, as in the writing at the end of an essay that ties all the discussion and evidence together into a unified concept. , or bring together, the critical details of your essay. It should try to give the reader a new way of looking at your main idea. It reminds the reader of your thesis and reinforces the main points you have made.

Step 7: Write an introduction.

There are four elements of an effective introductionThe first paragraph of an essay. It must engage the reader, set the tone, provide background information, and present the thesis.:

  1. HookIn writing, a device used to grab a readers' attention, often in the form of interesting, surprising, or provocative information.
  2. ToneThe feeling or attitude that a writer expresses toward a topic. The words the writer chooses express this tone. Examples of tones can include: objective, biased, humorous, optimistic, and cynical, among many others.
  3. BackgroundInformation that describes the history or circumstances of a topic.
  4. ThesisAn overall argument, idea, or belief that a writer uses as the basis for a work.

An effective introduction hooks the reader with a compelling idea, sets the tone for the rest of the essay, provides any necessary background or contextThe larger setting in which something happens; the "big picture." for the reader, and presents the thesis.

Step 8: Revise your essay.

When you have a draft of your essay, ask yourself these questions:

  • Have I followed the assignment?
  • Is this a compare and contrast essay? What subjects am I comparing? What are my points of comparison?
  • Do my body paragraphsThe part of an essay that comes after the introduction and before the conclusion. Body paragraphs lay out the main ideas of an argument and provide the support for the thesis. All body paragraphs should include these elements: a topic sentence, major and minor details, and a concluding statement. Each body paragraph should stand on its own but also fit into the context of the entire essay, as well as support the thesis and work with the other supporting paragraphs. support my thesis?
  • Is all of my support relevant?
  • Do I need more or less support?
  • Have I included the transitions necessary to guide the reader from point to point?
  • Does my conclusion synthesize the critical details?
  • Does my introduction hook the reader and provide adequate background/introduction to my topic?

Review your entire essay with these questions in mind. Remember, you may need to add information, remove information, or reorganize your writing. Being a careful reviewer of your own work is key to a quality essay. When you have completed this step, be sure to go back one more time to verify that your grammarA set of rules about how words are used in a particular language., spelling, and punctuationMarks such as such as a comma (,), period (.), question mark (?), and exclamation mark (!), among others, that help break a writing into phrases, clauses, and sentences. Different types of punctuation marks give the reader different impressions of the writer’s purpose in that sentence. are correct.

+ PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Being able to effectively compare and contrast subjects is important in both school and your career. It can even be important for you when making decisions outside of school and career.

Comparing and contrasting subjects is an excellent structure for making connections between ideas and engaging in critical thinking. For example, in your career, you might be asked to evaluate the merits of two different computer operating systems and make a recommendation. The stronger your points of comparison, the better the analysis you can present, and the better the impression you will make.

Being able to write strong compare and contrast essays will also allow you to recognize when others compare subjects effectively—and when they do not. It will help you to recognize logical errors and misleading comparisons and improve your own critical analysis skills.

+ EXAMPLE

The example below shows the subject-by-subject approach to writing a compare and contrast essay.

Step 1: Understand your assignment.

The assignment is to write a four- to six-paragraph essay comparing two breeds of dogs of your own choosing.

Step 2: Gather ideas.

In this example, the writer has used a Venn diagram to gather and organize ideas.

Comparison of German Shepherds and Golden Retrievers

Step 3: Create a working thesis.

Here is a possible thesis based on the ideas gathered:

German shepherds' and golden retrievers' unique qualities make them suitable for different families and work roles.

Step 4: Develop an outline.

  1. Introductory Paragraph
    1. Hook: If you are looking for a large, intelligent dog to provide service or companionship, many breeds could fit the bill.
    2. Tone: Informal
    3. Background: German shepherds and golden retrievers are both popular dog breeds, in part, for their intelligence and ability to serve and keep company.
    4. Thesis: Their unique qualities make them suitable for different families and work roles.
  2. Body Paragraphs
    1. Subject A: German Shepherds
      1. Point of comparison 1: Temperament
        1. Intelligent
        2. Fast
        3. Keen sense of smell
        4. Loyal
        5. Aggressive, fearless
        6. Active
        7. Curious
        8. Over-protective if not socialized properly
        9. Territorial
        10. Do not care for strangers
        11. Defensive
        12. Work without being distracted
      2. Point of comparison 2: Physical characteristics
        1. Fast
        2. Strong
        3. Keen sense of smell
        4. Generally tan with black back and snout; also black, white, sable, liver, and blue varieties
        5. Range from 50 to 90 pounds and 22 to 26 inches in height
        6. Need thirty minutes of exercise a day
      3. Point of comparison 3: Care
        1. Do not need ears cleaned often because they are not prone to ear infections
        2. Need regular bathing and brushing
    2. Subject B: Golden Retrievers
      1. Point of comparison 1: Temperament
        1. Intelligent
        2. Loyal
        3. Friendly
        4. Kind
        5. Calm
        6. Eager to please
        7. Patient
        8. Naturally sociable
        9. Willing to learn
        10. Patient with children
        11. Poor guard dogs
        12. Not aggressive to people or other animals
      2. Point of comparison 2: Physical characteristics
        1. Athletic
        2. Agile
        3. Good swimmers
        4. Range from gold to cream in color
        5. Range from 60 to 75 pounds and 21 to 24 inches in height
        6. Need two or more hours of exercise a day
      3. Point of comparison 3: Care
        1. Ears must be cleaned since they are prone to infection
        2. Need grooming once a week
  3. Concluding Paragraph
    1. Synthesis
    2. Final impression

Step 5: Develop paragraphs that support your thesis.

The thesis indicates that the writer is going to present parallel facts about the two dog breeds, rather than render a judgment about them. With this in mind, the next step is to develop supporting paragraphs, making sure to maintain the subject-by-subject structure throughout.

German shepherds are very curious, loyal dogs. Surprisingly, for an active breed that tends to be bigger than most retrievers, German shepherds only need about thirty minutes of exercise a day; one walk and a few rounds of fetch in the yard should be enough. Additionally, with a double coat, they do require regular brushing; however, unlike many breeds, their ears do not need to be cleaned frequently because German shepherds are not prone to ear infections. A family looking for a dog who will be both protective and not require too much care might enjoy a German shepherd.

A family that is looking for a friendly dog who gets along with everyone should take a look at a golden retriever. Golden retrievers are calm, patient, and eager to please. They can tolerate small children crawling all over them. But golden retrievers are not for people who want a dog to guard their families because golden retrievers are too good-natured to be wary of strangers. Golden retrievers are a bit smaller on average than German shepherds, but they require much more exercise. Golden retrievers require more care than other breeds because their hair tends to mat and knot. However, this care will be worth it for a family that is looking for an active, playful pet to love.

Step 6: Write a conclusion.

After the body paragraphs have been written, it is time to write the conclusion. Remember that the conclusion should synthesize critical details and remind the reader of the thesis without repeating it.

German shepherds and golden retrievers have some similarities and some differences. Traditionally developed for hunting and herding, they still perform those skills beautifully while expanding into new fields.

Step 7: Write an introduction.

The next step is to write the introduction. Remember the four elements of an effective introduction: hook, tone, background, and thesis.

If you are looking for a large, intelligent, active dog to provide service or companionship, many breeds could fit the bill. Of these, the German shepherd and the golden retriever are among the most popular, yet they have many differences. Their unique abilities make them suitable for different families and work roles. The dog that you choose should be tailored to your personal situation and wishes.

Step 8: Revise your essay.

Finally, review, revise, and proofread the essay, using the eight questions outlined in the lesson. Read the revised essay below, along with the list of revisions that show how it was improved.

According to the American Kennel Club, golden retrievers and German shepherds have both been among the top three most popular dog breeds in the United States. Their popularity stems, in part, from their intelligence and ability to serve and keep company. Despite sharing these characteristics, German shepherds and golden retrievers are very different breeds, and potential owners must understand these differences to ensure they choose the breed that is best suited to their homes.

German shepherds are very curious, loyal dogs. If not socialized properly, their loyalty can turn into over-protectiveness. Combined with their aggressive and defensive nature, German shepherds may not be the best choice for families introducing new children into the mix. They are, however, excellent guard dogs and will alert their owners to any strangers on their properties. Surprisingly, for an active breed that tends to be bigger than most retrievers, German shepherds only need about thirty minutes of exercise a day; one walk and a few rounds of fetch in the yard should be enough. Additionally, with a double coat, they do require regular brushing; however, unlike many breeds, their ears do not need to be cleaned frequently because German shepherds are not prone to ear infections. A family looking for a dog who will be both protective and not require too much care might enjoy a German shepherd.

On the other hand, a family that is looking for a friendly dog who gets along with everyone should take a look at a golden retriever. Golden retrievers are calm, patient, and eager to please. They can tolerate small children crawling all over them. But golden retrievers are not for people who want a dog to guard their families, because golden retrievers are too good-natured to be wary of strangers. Golden retrievers are a bit smaller on average than German shepherds, but they require much more exercise—two or more hours a day. Golden retrievers require more care than other breeds because their hair tends to mat and knot. Additionally, since they are prone to ear infections, their ears must be regularly cleaned. However, this care will be worth it for a family that is looking for an active, playful pet to love.

German shepherds and golden retrievers fulfill some of the most critical roles we have for working dogs, and they make wonderful companion animals. Traditionally developed for hunting and herding, they still perform those skills beautifully while expanding into new fields. They are as important to us as ever and are loved in our homes today.

Here is a list of revisions to this essay.

Introductory Paragraph:

  • Added an interesting fact for a stronger hook.
  • Revised the last sentence to clearly introduce differences in subjects.

Body Paragraph A:

  • Revised to ensure the points of comparison are parallel. The golden retriever paragraph discusses temperament, so some lines were added to outline the temperament of German shepherds.

Body Paragraph B:

  • Added a transition, On the other hand, to signal that a contrast is being made between the two breeds.

Concluding Paragraph:

  • Rewrote the first sentence; it was weak and did not add anything to the essay. The new sentence summarizes the essay more strongly.
  • Added a closing sentence with a warm, personal comment to pull in the reader.

+ YOUR TURN

Follow the eight steps to write a compare and contrast essay on the benefits of walking versus running for exercise. You may use either the point-by-point or the subject-by-subject format.

Step 1: Understand your assignment.

Step 2: Gather ideas.

Step 3: Create a working thesis.

Step 4: Develop an outline.

Step 5: Develop paragraphs that support your thesis.

Step 6: Write a conclusion.

Step 7: Write an introduction.

Step 8: Revise your essay.

Now, list the revisions you made to your essay by section.

The assignment is to write a compare and contrast essay on the benefits of walking versus running for exercise, using either the point-by-point or subject-by-subject format. I choose to use the point-by-point format.

While either walking or running can be a great way to get in shape, each has distinct benefits that could make it a better choice for you.

Walking and Running for Exercise

  1. Introductory Paragraph
    1. Hook: Exercise, it has been said, is not an option.
    2. Tone: Informal
    3. Background
      1. To increase health, commit to a regular workout routine.
      2. Of all activities, walking and running are among the most accessible and effective.
    4. Thesis: While either activity can be a great way to get in shape, each has distinct benefits that could make it a better choice for you.
  2. Body Paragraphs
    1. Point of comparison 1: Time commitment
      1. Subject A: Walking: At least twice as long as running.
      2. Subject B: Running: Tends to be half as long as walking.
    2. Point of comparison 2: Health benefits
      1. Subject A: Walking
        1. Lower incidence of age-related cataracts.
        2. Lower incidence of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease and diabetes.
      2. Subject B: Running
        1. Runners are thinner than walkers.
        2. Produces an appetite-suppressing hormone.
    3. Point of comparison 3: Effort
      1. Subject A: Walking: Walking faster lengthens life.
      2. Subject B: Running: Walking breaks reduce injury.
  3. Concluding Paragraph
    1. Synthesis
    2. Final impression

Running and walking require different levels of time commitment. It is entirely possible to burn as many calories walking as it is running, but it will take much longer. The exact numbers depend upon how fast you run versus how fast you walk, but a good rule of thumb is that it takes twice as long to walk off the same number of calories as it does to run them off.

While both activities burn calories, their other benefits are quite different. Interestingly, studies show that runners are thinner than walkers even when the two groups expend the same amount of energy. Researchers believe that running produces an appetite-suppressing hormone that walking does not. However, if you are looking to do more than lose weight, you may want to stick to walking. Walkers had a lower incidence of age-related cataracts when compared to both runners and the general population. Walkers also had lower incidences of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, and diabetes.

You should look at how much effort each requires. While it seems different than what you might expect, to stay healthy, runners actually need to slow down from time to time as they run. On the other hand, walkers would greatly benefit from picking up the pace a bit. It seems that a combination of the two exercises might offer more benefits than just one or the other. Hopefully future studies will delve into that very question.

Both running and walking can be excellent choices for you to increase your life expectancy and your overall lifestyle. As with any exercise routine, be sure to check with your doctor before beginning any new fitness regimen.

To increase your overall health and well-being, you should commit to a regular workout routine. Of all the activities available to keep you in shape, running and walking are among the best. While either activity can be a great way to get in shape, each has distinct benefits that could make it a better choice for you.

Today's athletes might be surprised that the earliest runners did so while nude. As uncomfortable as that sounds, running is a great way to keep healthy, clothes or no clothes. Recent studies show that walking also offers similar benefits. Both are a great way to get in shape; however, you should understand the unique features of each before you choose between a running and a walking regimen.

Running and walking require different levels of time commitment. It is entirely possible to burn as many calories walking as it is running, but it will take much longer. The exact numbers depend upon how fast you run versus how fast you walk, but a good rule to remember is that it takes twice as long to walk off the same number of calories as it does to run them off. If you have a limited amount of time and want to burn as many calories as you can, running might be a better option; however, you may not be able to run very long, and in that case, walking, or a combination of the two could be the best choice.

While both activities burn calories, their other benefits are quite different. Interestingly, studies show that runners are thinner than walkers, even when the two groups expend the same amount of energy. Researchers believe that running produces an appetite-suppressing hormone that walking does not. However, if you are looking to do more than lose weight, you may want to stick to walking. Walkers had a lower incidence of age-related cataracts when compared to both runners and the general population. Walkers also had lower incidences of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, and diabetes. Which activity is best for you depends upon your health goals.

The last consideration you should make before choosing between a walking or running plan is the effort each requires. While it seems different than what you might expect, to stay healthy, runners actually need to slow down from time to time as they run. Walking breaks reduce injury. On the other hand, walkers would greatly benefit from picking up the pace a bit. This has been shown to lengthen walkers' lives. It seems that a combination of the two exercises might offer more benefits than just one or the other. Hopefully future studies will delve into that very question.

According to a 2012 study in PLOS Medicine, people will gain seven more minutes of life for every six minutes that they exercise, and both running and walking can be excellent choices for you to increase your life-expectancy and your overall lifestyle. As with any exercise routine, be sure to check with your doctor before beginning any new fitness regimen.

Introductory Paragraph:

  • Added a surprising fact for a new, more compelling hook.
  • Added a transition to smoothly link the hook to the thesis.
  • Strengthened the thesis statement.

Body Paragraph A:

  • Added analysis at the end of the paragraph to explain the earlier pieces of evidence.

Body Paragraph B:

  • Added a link to the next paragraph.

Body Paragraph C:

  • Reworded the first sentence to make a better transition from paragraph two and also to reinforce the link to the thesis.

Concluding Paragraph:

  • Added evidence to support the thesis and drive the point home.

+ METACOGNITIVE QUESTION

How will you know when you need to write a compare and contrast essay?

You need to write a compare and contrast essay when you need to analyze similarities and differences between two subjects and draw some conclusions about them.

Developed by The NROC Project. Copyright ©2018 Monterey Institute for Technology and Education

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