Dr. Carlo Schuengel, Professor of Clinical Child and Family Studies
Director of the research program “Challenges to child-rearing relationships”
Head of department of Special Education
Providing hard evidence for the power of the ‘soft forces’ in life. That probably best summarizes my research mission. Children and adults are shaped by all kinds of forces, some biological, some social, some harsh, some benign. Child rearing and education are about providing an optimal environment for the child to develop in. Some children need this more than others, especially children with physical or intellectual disabilities or traumatic backgrounds. Benign social forces, coming from loving parents, caring teachers, and sensitive youth care professionals, should have the upper hand over harsh, abusive, or careless treatment of children. My research is driven by the recognition that loving, sensitive care is far from ubiquitous. Many well-meaning adult caregivers have to deal with problems of their own, often stemming from growing up in harsh conditions themselves.
My training in understanding child rearing relationships and development started at Leiden University, within the group led by prof. Marinus van IJzendoorn. His group was and is at the forefront of developing the discipline of Education as an empirical scientific discipline, by focusing on the international program of attachment research. My dissertation (1997) describes an empirical test of the intergenerational transmission of attachment disorganization, showing that parents with unresolved loss experiences and insecure attachment representations are likely to behave in ways that are frightening to their infants. As a result, the attachment relationship that develops between the parent and the infant becomes disorganized. Since then, we are learning about the far-reaching consequences of disorganized attachment, in terms of stress physiology and behavioural problems. After we started a research project on the role of attachment in the treatment of disturbed youth within a residential treatment setting, I moved to VU Amsterdam (2000) to lead my own research group.
The research group “Challenges to child rearing relationships” has been steadily growing over the years, and now does research within a broad array of settings. Theoretically, the research is held together by the focus on attachment and caregiving, in relation to healthy development. With this in mind, we are still discovering new facts about care relationships within therapeutic care settings, foster families, residential care centers, hospitals, and families living regular and unusual circumstances. I am quite happy that over the years fundamental research and applied research have gone hand in hand. It is very satisfying to see the useful and sometimes amazingly effective implementation of fundamental insights by developing and testing assessments, treatment, and support programs. The ‘hard’ evidence comes from relying on a diversity of research methods and designs. Some researchers build a career by mastering one ‘trick’ to the perfection. I like to see researchers being a little more ambitious than that. Questionnaires are cheap and easy to use, but the information they provide is limited in many ways, and not ‘hard’ at all. To become a good and useful research in our field, one has to become an acute observer of human behaviour and interaction, learn to pose the right interview questions in the right order, learn to discern the processes and patterns behind what people are saying, and being highly creative in tapping into the progress that the psychological, psychobiological, and medical sciences are making in the mean time. This is what I hope to bring to the training of bright new researchers in the field of clinical and developmental psychopathology.
v-u-den(美勇伝,Biyūden) (also romanized Biyuuden, Viyuden, or Biyuden) was a Japanesepop group within Hello! Project. The group was formed in August 2004 and consists of members Rika Ishikawa (Morning Musume), Erika Miyoshi, and Yui Okada, with Ishikawa being the leader. The name means: beauty (美,bi), bravery (勇,yū), and legend (伝,den). The group officially disbanded on June 29, 2008 after their last concert during their v-u-densetsu 5 tour.
In June 2009, v-u-den was revived as Zoku v-u-den, consisting of Sayumi Michishige, Risako Sugaya and Junjun and released a new song, "ONLY YOU", on a Hello! Project compilation and continued activities until 2011, though Zoku v-u-den briefly appeared during a Hello! Project concert in early 2013 alongside Rika Ishikawa.
It was announced in 2009 that v-u-den would be revived with a new line-up, and the new group was named Zoku·v-u-den. The three new members were Sayumi Michishige and Junjun (both Morning Musume) and Risako Sugaya (Berryz Kobo). The group released only one song, "Only You", on the compilation album Champloo 1: Happy Marriage Cover Song Shū before returning to an indefinite hiatus. Junjun graduated from Morning Musume and Hello! Project on December 15, 2010, effectively leaving the group. Zoku v-u-den proceeded as a duo and appeared in Hello! Project's winter 2011 concert tour. Zoku v-u-den's activities ceased in 2011 along with the other Champuru shuffle units.
In 2013, Zoku v-u-den reappeared with Rika Ishikawa to perform "Koisuru Angel Heart" as Rika Ishikawa with Zoku v-u-den.
Second Generation: Zoku v-u-den
Albums (first generation)
Singles (first generation)
|1||"Koi no Nukegara"|
|September 23, 2004|
(カッチョイイゼ! Japan,Very Cool! Japan)
|May 2, 2005||Yokoso! Japan campaign song|
|3||"Ajisai Ai Ai Monogatari"|
(紫陽花アイ愛物語,Hydrangea Love Story)
|May 25, 2005||Opening theme of the Kids Station anime "Patalliro Saiyuuki"|
(ひとりじめ,All By Myself)
|August 10, 2005|
|5||"Kurenai no Kisetsu"|
|October 5, 2005|
|6||"Issai Gassai Anata ni Ageru"|
(一切合切あなたに𝄞あ・げ・る♪,I'll Give Any and Every Thing to You)
|May 10, 2006|
|7||"Aisu Cream to My Pudding"|
(愛すクリ～ムとMyプリン,Love Cream and My Pudding *)
|November 22, 2006|
|8||"Koisuru Angel Heart"|
(恋する♡エンジェル♡ハート,Loving Angel Heart)
|May 23, 2007|
|9||"Jaja Uma Paradise"|
(じゃじゃ馬パラダイス,Unmanageable Girl Paradise)
|September 26, 2007|
|10||"Nanni mo Iwazu ni I Love You"|
(なんにも言わずに I LOVE YOU,Without Saying A Word, I Love You)
|April 23, 2008||Cover of Morning Musume song from 4th Ikimasshoi!|
* Though the romanization of this song would imply the translation would be "Ice Cream and My Pudding", "Aisu" is written with the kanji "Ai (愛)" for "love", thus making it "Love Cream and My Pudding". Also, in the PV for the song, there is a two-second screen that translates it as "Ice Cream and My Pudding", therefore it is a play on words.
Singles (second generation)
|1||"Only You"||July 15, 2009||A cover of BOØWY's "ONLY YOU"|
- "ONLY YOU" is released on the compilation "Champloo 1 ~Happy Marriage Song Cover Shuu~ (チャンプル1 ~ハッピーマリッジソングカバー集~)
|1||Single V Koi no Nukegara(シングルV・恋のヌケガラ)||October 6, 2004|
|2||Single V Kacchoiize! Japan(シングルV・カッチョイイゼ! Japan)||March 9, 2005|
|3||Single V Ajisai Ai Ai Monogatari(シングルV・紫陽花アイ愛物語)||June 8, 2005|
|4||v-u-den First Concert Tour 2005 Haru ~v-u-densetsu~||June 8, 2005|
|5||Single V Hitorijime(シングルV・ひとりじめ)||August 24, 2005|
|6||Single V Kurenai no Kisetsu(シングルV・クレナイの季節)||October 13, 2005|
|7||v-u-den Concert Tour 2005 Aki v-u-densetsu II ~Kurenai no Kisetsu~||February 15, 2006|
|8||Single V Issai Gassai Anata ni Ageru(シングルV・一切合切 あなたに∮あ・げ・る♪)||May 24, 2006|
|9||Single V Aisu Cream to My Purin(シングルV・愛すクリ〜ムとＭｙプリン)||December 6, 2006|
|10||v-u-den Live Tour 2006 Aki v-u-densetsu III ~Aisu Cream to My Purin~||March 7, 2007|
|11||Single V Koisuru Angel Heart(シングルV・恋する♡エンジェル♡ハート)||May 30, 2007|
|12||v-u-den Concert Tour 2007 Shoka v-u-densetsu IV ~Usagi to Tenshi~||August 8, 2007|
|13||Single V Jaja Uma Paradise(シングルV・じゃじゃ馬パラダイス)||October 10, 2007|