Why Teens Procrastinate with their Homework
Homework: it’s rare to find a teen that enjoys it. What’s not rare? A teen that is quite skilled at waiting until the last minute to do it, which causes all sorts of problems. When a teen waits until 9 pm to begin homework, they are setting themselves up for inadequate sleep, higher stress levels, and poor academic performance. Shedding light on the reasons teens delay starting is the first step to help them prioritize their schedules and develop discipline in their work habits. Here are the top 5 reasons that I see appearing time and again with my teen clients:
Many teens just have too much to do. If a teen is overscheduled the question to ask is “Why?” Do they feel pressure from their peers, parents, or even the prospect of applying to a prestigious college to be involved in a multitude of extracurricular activities? To assess whether a teen is overbooked help them create an hour-by-hour schedule for a typical week. The schedule should include all practices, work, church, school, travel, personal hygiene, and sleep. Once all of these activities are filled in, it becomes clear how much time is left for homework, study, and recreational time. A typical high school student needs about 2 hours per day, six days a week for homework and study. If that space is not available in the schedule, perhaps it’s time to eliminate one activity that the teen is not that passionate about.
Distracted by Technology
My teen clients scoff at the recommendation that they should only spend 2 hours per day 6 days per week on homework and study. They claim that they need more time to get homework done. They are, after all fully loaded with 5 AP classes. An amazing thing happens when we sit down and look at what is killing their homework efficiency; they realize their phone and computer are the culprits. Texting friends, Facebook, and Youtube tend to be the biggest time wasters. There are a couple of strategies that can be used to combat these problems. First, give the phone a break by charging it in a separate room during homework hours. Next, save any computer based homework for last. Students tend to get on the computer for honorable intentions, but find themselves perusing their friends’ status updates an hour later. Finally, there are several programs that will block certain websites for specified periods of the day. Here is a link to the 99U blog that details a few such productivity programs.
Not up for the Challenge
When a subject is difficult, students may delay beginning homework because they dread the struggle. This tends to be the case in difficult process-based classes like math and physics. If a student has a tough time in a particular subject, then they need to sit down and develop a step-by-step plan for how to tackle assignments for that class. Creating a flow chart that outlines how many attempts will be made at solving a problem, when to consult resources – like class notes or the Internet – for help, or simply at which point to move on to the next problem and ask the teacher for clarification provides a useful tool to keep from getting stuck. Seeking the help of other students, doing homework during the teacher’s tutorials, and hiring a private tutor are other strategies that increase a student’s homework efficiency in a difficult class.
The “I Have Plenty of Time” Myth
This is the ultimate procrastinator’s excuse. Teens are masters at under estimating the amount of time their homework will take. This leads to putting off assignments until the last minute, only to find that they can’t get it all completed. Helping a teen establish a homework routine will put an end to this useless habit. Establishing this habit is easier to do before the child enters middle school. Make it a habit that whether young children have homework or not, they are required to do an academic activity for 15-30 minutes per day after school. If they have homework they will use the 30 minutes to work on that. If they don’t have homework, have them read or practice math facts. Increase this time to 1 hour for middle school students. This will help resolve two common homework problems: the student will not have any incentive to “forget” assignments, and the student will establish an awesome habit that will serve them well during the high school years. Once students are in high school it becomes more difficult to enforce routines, especially once they start driving. The best course of action to take for this situation is to help the student see the value in getting their homework done early, so that they will have a “true break.”
The “I deserve a break” Mentality
After seven-plus hours of school, not to mention extra-curricular activities, the first thought that enters a teen’s head when they walk into the house usually is, “I deserve a break.” They may or may not be right in that assumption, depending on what they mean by “break.” Here is a break-down of some different types of breaks:
- Focus breaks: These are very short (1-5 minutes) mental breaks, used during studying or homework, to allow the student to re-focus when they feel like they aren’t truly attending to the task at hand. Examples of this would include standing up to stretch, or closing your eyes to regroup your thoughts.
- Re-charge breaks: These are longer breaks that are used to take care of essential needs. They can range from 5 minutes to an hour. This would include restroom breaks, eating, exercising, power naps, meditation, etc.
- True breaks: This is when all work is complete and the mind is completely free to engage in a desired activity or rest without the stress or worry of having tasks to complete.
Most of the time students claim to be taking a re-charge break, but end up gravitating toward activities like checking Facebook, watching TV, or playing video games all of which should be saved for their true break. I coach my clients to take a 30 minute re-charge break after school. This reduces the chances of them wasting time by a technology distraction, increases the likelihood that they will actually complete their homework, and makes their true-break more enjoyable.
Developing the habit of staying on top of homework is crucial for a teen. While they may be able to eek by with bad homework habits, they will be less stressed once they establish and effective strategy. There is a possibility that a less stressed teen could be more pleasant to be around. And who wouldn’t want that?
Amanda McClure is an Academic Life Coach in Plano who works with teens individually to help them manage academic stress, relationships, and the college application process.
answers from St. Louis on
I believe that it is up to us to teach them, but there comes a point when they NEED to start doing things on their own!
First, STOP HELPING HER!!! I think this is enabling her behavior.
I have 4 chidlren and I was having this problem with my 9 year old. The rule in our house is come home and do home work immediately. Then you study if you have a test to prepare for.
I spoke to her teacher and explained that I was now turing over the responsibility of doing homework to my daughter. I would still be checking her agenda and going over homework that was complete, but it was time that she learned what the consequenses would be if she did not complete her assignement.
We told her that she has been taught the importance of school and what we expected of her. The rule has always been, we do not care what grade you bring home as long as you put forth 100% effort. That means if you get a B, you better have turned in all your assignments and studied for every test. If not, you will suffer the consequenses.
We let it go for an entire quarter. She lost a few recesses and suffered the consequeses at school. Then she had to deal with the consequenses at home. I can tell you she quickly turned herself around for the next quarter.
Yes, as parents it is our responsibility to guide them, but there comes a time when they need to step up! Your child is 12 , that is 7th grade, yes?
You need to set strict rules of what you expect from her. Sit her down and go over them. Make sure she understands what the consequenses will be for not following them. You need to stop helping her at the last minute complete her projects. Be firm and say no.
THere should be no tv, computer, phone or activities until she has homework done and studied. If she has an agenda, check it periodically and ask her what is going on in school. Encourage her, but also remind her she needs to establish good study and work habits before she goes to high school. I know it's hard because some teachers let them do their work in school and we don't get a chance ot check it.
Ultimately, your daughter needs to suffer some consequenses of not completing her work. Maybe also throw a reward in there too. Come up with an incentive for her to do well. Maybe $5.00 for each A she gets? Maybe a special event if she makes honor roll? Something she can work towards. Some kids just aren't motivated.
With summer coming, you have a little bit to decide how you are going to handle the situation. I would sit her down before school and just tell her how it's going to be.